Hybrid Nanostructures (HNS)
ultrasonically induced protein capsule formation
About the mechanism of ultrasonically induced protein capsule formation
U. Doering; D. Grigoriev; K. Tapio; S. Rosencrantz; R. R. Rosencrantz; I. Bald; A. Böker
In this paper, we propose a consistent mechanism of protein microcapsule formation upon ultrasound treatment. Aqueous suspensions of bovine serum albumin (BSA) microcapsules filled with toluene are prepared by use of high-intensity ultrasound following a reported method. Stabilization of the oil-in-water emulsion by the adsorption of the protein molecules at the interface of the emulsion droplets is accompanied by the creation of the cross-linked capsule shell due to formation of intermolecular disulfide bonds caused by highly reactive species like superoxide radicals generated sonochemically. The evidence for this mechanism, which until now remained elusive and was not proven properly, is presented based on experimental data from SDS-PAGE, Raman spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering.
Journal Article